The species awareness index as a conservation culturomics metric for public biodiversity awareness

Although threats to international biodiversity are well-known, slowing present charges of biodiversity loss stays a problem. The Aichi targets set out 20 targets on which the worldwide neighborhood ought to act to alleviate biodiversity decline, 1 of which (Target 1) goals to boost public awareness of the significance of biodiversity. Although standard indicators for Target 1 are of low spatial and temporal protection, conservation culturomics metrics present how biodiversity awareness will be quantified on the international scale. Following strategies used for the Living Planet Index, we devised a species awareness index (SAI) to measure change in species awareness primarily based on Wikipedia views.

We calculated this index on the web page stage for 41,197 species listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) throughout 10 Wikipedia languages and >2 billion views from 1 July 2015 to 30 March 2020. Bootstrapped indices for the page-level SAI confirmed that general awareness of biodiversity elevated marginally over time, though there have been variations amongst taxonomic lessons and languages. Among taxonomic lessons, general awareness elevated quickest for reptiles and slowest for amphibians. Among languages, general species awareness elevated quickest for Japanese and slowest for Chinese and German customers.

Although awareness of species as a entire elevated and was considerably increased for traded species, from January 2016 by January 2020, change in awareness appeared to not be strongly associated as to if the species is traded or is a pollinator. As a knowledge supply for public biodiversity awareness, the SAI might be built-in into the Conservation International Biodiversity Engagement Indicator. Surfactin is a lipoheptapeptide produced by a number of Bacillus species and recognized for the primary time in 1969. At first, the biosynthesis of this exceptional biosurfactant was described on this overview.

The peptide moiety of the surfactin is synthesized utilizing big multienzymatic proteins referred to as NonRibosomal Peptide Synthetases. This mechanism is accountable for the peptide biodiversity of the members of the surfactin household. In addition, on the fatty acid aspect, fifteen totally different isoforms (from C12 to C17) will be included so growing the variety of the surfactin-like biomolecules. The overview additionally highlights the final growth in metabolic modeling and engineering and in artificial biology to direct surfactin biosynthesis but in addition to generate novel derivatives.

Divergent above- and below-ground biodiversity pathways mediate disturbance impacts on temperate forest multifunctionality

Biodiversity performs a basic function in provisioning and regulating forest ecosystem capabilities and companies. Above-ground (vegetation) and below-ground (soil microbes) biodiversity might have asynchronous change paces to human-driven land-use impacts. Yet, we all know little or no how they have an effect on the supply of a number of forest capabilities associated to carbon accumulation, water retention capability and nutrient biking concurrently (i.e., ecosystem multifunctionality; EMF). We used a dataset of 22,000 temperate forest timber from 260 plots inside 11 everlasting forest websites in Northeastern China, that are recovering from three post-logging disturbances.

We assessed the direct and mediating results of a number of attributes of plant biodiversity (taxonomic, phylogenetic, purposeful, and stand construction) and soil biodiversity (micro organism and fungi) on EMF below the three disturbance ranges. We discovered the very best EMF in extremely disturbed somewhat than undisturbed mature forests. Plant taxonomic, phylogenetic, purposeful, and stand structural range had each optimistic and detrimental results on EMF, relying on how the EMF index was quantified, whereas soil microbial range exhibited a constant optimistic affect.

Biodiversity indices defined on common 45% (26~58%) of the variation in EMF, whereas local weather and disturbance collectively defined on common 7% (0.4~15%). Our consequence highlighted that the great impact of biodiversity on EMF, largely overpassing these of each local weather and disturbance. While above- (β =0.02~0.19) and below-ground (β =0.16~0.26) biodiversity had direct optimistic results on EMF, their reverse mediating results (β =-0.22 vs. β =0.35, respectively) performed as divergent pathways to human disturbance impacts on EMF.

Our research sheds gentle on the necessity for integrative frameworks concurrently contemplating above and below-ground attributes to understand the worldwide image of biodiversity results on ecosystem functioning and companies. Suitable administration interventions might keep each plant and soil microbial biodiversity, and thus assure a long-term functioning and provisioning of ecosystem companies in an growing disturbance frequency world.

The species awareness index as a conservation culturomics metric for public biodiversity awareness

Actions on sustainable meals manufacturing and consumption for the post-2020 international biodiversity framework

Current meals manufacturing and consumption tendencies are inconsistent with the Convention on Biological Diversity’s 2050 imaginative and prescient of dwelling in concord with nature. Here, we study how, and below what situations, the post-2020 biodiversity framework can assist transformative change in meals techniques. Our evaluation of actions proposed in 4 science-policy fora reveals that subsidy reform, valuation, meals waste discount, sustainability requirements, life cycle assessments, sustainable diets, mainstreaming biodiversity, and strengthening governance can assist extra sustainable meals manufacturing and consumption.

By contemplating boundaries and alternatives of implementing these actions in Peru and the United Kingdom, we derive potential targets and indicators for the post-2020 biodiversity framework. For targets to assist transformation, real political dedication, accountability and compliance, and wider enabling situations and actions by various brokers are wanted to shift meals techniques onto a sustainable path.

Rabbit DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E04A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
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Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Rabbit DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Goat DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E06A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Goat DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Goat DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E06A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Goat DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Goat DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E06A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
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Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Goat DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Rat DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E02A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Rat DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Rat DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E02A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Rat DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Rat DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E02A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Rat DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Mouse DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E03A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Mouse DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Mouse DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E03A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Mouse DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Mouse DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E03A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Mouse DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Human DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E01A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Human DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Human DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E01A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Human DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Human DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E01A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Human DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Dog DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E08A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
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Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Canine DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Dog DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E08A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
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Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Canine DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Dog DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E08A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Canine DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Pig DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E07A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
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Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Porcine DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Pig DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E07A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Porcine DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Pig DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E07A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Porcine DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Monkey DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E09A0440-192T 192 tests
EUR 1270
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Monkey DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Monkey DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E09A0440-48 1 plate of 48 wells
EUR 520
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Monkey DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

Monkey DNA (Double Stranded) ELISA kit

E09A0440-96 1 plate of 96 wells
EUR 685
  • Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUT
  • Show more
Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Monkey DNA (Double Stranded) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species.

DNA (Single and Double Stranded) Antibody

abx023954-200ug 200 ug
EUR 648
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC610945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC610945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC610946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC610946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC610958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC610958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC400945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC400945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC400946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC400946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC400958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC400958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC430945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC430945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC430946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC430946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC430958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC430958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC470945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC470945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC470946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC470946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC470958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC470958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC550945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC550945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC550946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC550946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC550958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC550958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC040945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC040945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC040946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC040946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC050945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC050945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC050946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC050946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC050958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC050958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC040958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC040958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNUB0945-100 100uL
EUR 209
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNUB0945-500 500uL
EUR 458
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNUB0946-100 100uL
EUR 209
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNUB0946-500 500uL
EUR 458
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNUB0958-100 100uL
EUR 209
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNUB0958-500 500uL
EUR 458
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNUM0945-50 50uL
EUR 395
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), 1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNUM0946-50 50uL
EUR 395
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), 1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNUM0958-50 50uL
EUR 395
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), 1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC680945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC680945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC680946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC680946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC680958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC680958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC700945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC700945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC700946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC700946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC700958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC700958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC940945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC940945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC940946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC940946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC940958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC940958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCH0945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCH0945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCH0946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCH0946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCH0958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCH0958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC800945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC800945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC800946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC800946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC800958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC800958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCP0945-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), PerCP conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCP0946-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), PerCP conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCP0958-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), PerCP conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCR0945-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), RPE conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCR0946-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), RPE conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCR0958-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), RPE conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCA0945-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), APC conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCA0946-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), APC conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCA0958-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), APC conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCAP0945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCAP0945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCAP0946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCAP0946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCAP0958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCAP0958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCB0945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNCB0945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCB0946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNCB0946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCB0958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNCB0958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC880945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC880945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC880946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC880946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC880958-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958) Antibody

BNC880958-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(DSD/958), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC810945-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF680R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3) Antibody

BNC810945-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(121-3), CF680R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC810946-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF680R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2) Antibody

BNC810946-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against Double Stranded DNA (dsDNA)(AE-2), CF680R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

This giant set of various biomolecules results in a broad spectrum of physico-chemical properties and organic actions. The final elements of the overview summarized the quite a few research associated to the manufacturing processes optimization as nicely as the approaches developed to extend the surfactin productiveness of Bacillus cells taking into consideration the totally different steps of its biosynthesis from gene transcription to surfactin degradation within the tradition medium.